MiARD paper on the outflow from comet 67P

Posted in MiARD

The latest publication from the MiARD project has just been published in the journal Icarus.

On deviations from free-radial outflow in the inner coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko concerns the way material is transported away from the comet, and compares observations made with the OSIRIS camera to theoretical models of the outflow; the agreement between the models and the observations is good. At the time of writing this paper, the lead author, Selina-Barbara Gerig, was a masters student in the Planetary Imaging Group at the University of Bern. She is now pursuing a PhD, stil at the University of Bern.

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VR model of comet 67P with 1 m resolution

Posted in Comet 67P, MiARD, Shape

The MiARD project has made public a virtual reality viewer (for use with Oculus Rift headsets) that shows off the high resolution shape model of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko derived by the project. The viewer (with slightly downsized shape model) can be downloaded from the project’s Publications and Downloads page. An option allows the geographical regions identified by Thomas et al (2015) Science 347(6220) aaa440-1 – aaa0440-6 to be shown.

Comet 67P model

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MiARD workshop on “Comets: Post 67P perspectives” in January 2018

Posted in MiARD

The dates are fixed, and invitations have been sent out, for the workshop to be held from 15th-19th January by the International Space Science Institute (ISSI) in Bern, Switzerland in conjunction with the MiARD project. The preliminary programme and futher details can be found at http://www.issibern.ch/workshops/post67p/

According to ISSI, the aims of the workshop are:

  1. To review the progress made on multi-instrument data analysis after Rosetta Mission. This shall include
  2. Current status of the development of an integrated 3D shape model,
  3. Current status of the mapping of properties/measurements to surface facets of the 3D model,
  4. Current status and results from gas dynamics modelling including activity distributions using multiple data sets,
  5. Current status of dust emission and brightness modelling,
  6. Current status of analysis of surface physical structure and thermal balance,
  7. Current understanding of the coma and surface chemical composition,
  8. Placing the results in the context of other observations of comets.
  9. To assess and possibly revise current models of nucleus activity (including potential evidence for different mechanisms) and evolution.
  10. To assess our current understanding of risk from comets (through perturbation of nuclei by non-gravitational forces and particle impact on interplanetary spacecraft) including link to ground-based observations.
  11. To re-assess the (extensive) study work performed on possible comet nucleus sample return studies and provide guidelines as to how this work should be updated in the light of Rosetta’s results.

A number of papers arising from the workshop (and thus the MiARD project) will be published by Springer in the Space Sciences Series of ISSI, both in journal format and as a hard-cover book. We currently expect publication to take place in early 2019.

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Meteor storms later in 2017

Posted in Comets, Dust, MiARD

Unfortunately, a nearly-full moon will hamper observations of the Perseid meteor shower this year (close to 12th August) and the weather in north-west Europe is also not ideal. If you don’t see any Perseids this year, then you may wish to take a look at the International Meteor Organization’s calendar which lists all expected meteor shows for 2017 with comments as to the likely viewing conditions.

Meteor shows are in general due to dust particles shed by comets as they approached the sun on previous orbits. The Perseids are associated with comet Swift-Tuttle, a 27 km large body which last passed near Earth in 1992 and is not expected again until 2126. We see ‘shooting stars’ because the dust particles are traveling at about 60 km/s relative to the Earth, and this is fast enough that air friction heats the tiny dust particles to white heat in the upper atmosphere, about 90 km above us.


Space.com has posted a video showing early Perseids from this years shower, photographed by a NASA all-sky camera.

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